CIRIS Senior Research Associate Pasquale Annicchino recently attended the G20 Interfaith Summit in Istanbul. As the world is still coming to grips with the tragedy of the Paris attacks, many scholars, political leaders, and leaders of NGOs and religious groups gathered in Istanbul to discuss the role of religion in economic development, islamic finance, heritage protection, and other issues.
Also in Istanbul, Annicchino participated in a workshop organised by the Grassrootmobilise reserach project which studies the impact of the European Court of Human Rigths decisions on the protection of freedom of religion or belief.
This is a transcript of Judd Birdsall’s remarks, as prepared for delivery, at the 2015 Warsaw Dialogue for Democracy.
I would like to offer a few thoughts on the relationship between religious freedom and democracy.
Poland is a great place to discuss both of these issues because Poland provides a model of how religious freedom and democracy go hand in hand, reinforcing each other.
Poland has a long tradition of religious tolerance, going back to the Warsaw Confederation of the 16th century, and perhaps earlier. Thus the Polish tradition of religious tolerance is far than the United States itself. So, I’m humbled to be here as an American discussing these issues today.
And in contemporary Poland there is a very high level of religious freedom. The U.S. State Department, where I used to work, just released its annual Report on International Religious Freedom last week, and you’ll see that the chapter on Poland is very complimentary of the Polish government and society.
On Wednesday many of us went to the Warsaw Uprising Museum, and I want to thank the conference organizers for including that in the agenda. It was a sobering and instructive experience. I was struck by the many elements of faith throughout the museum, reminders that the church helped to sustain the Polish people through very difficult times. And there’s a video playing of the Pope’s visit to Warsaw in 1979. Throughout the 1980s and 90s Catholics in Poland used their expanding religious freedom to push for democratic reforms.
So, Poland shows that religious freedom and democracy can go hand-in-hand.
But we often still talk about them quite separately. We treat them in isolation.
In the West it seems to me that there are two unhelpful ways of divorcing religious freedom from democracy.